What is Human Trafficking?
Human trafficking is a highly-organized, lucrative illegal trade of human beings for the purpose of exploitation. It is a social injustice that is ‘hidden in plain sight’
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime define Trafficking in persons as ‘the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs’
Trafficking in persons
Article 3 of the Trafficking Protocol clarifies that trafficking in persons has three constituent elements:
(1) An act (what is done);
Recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons
(2) The means (how it’s done);
Threat or use of force, coercion, fraud, abduction, abuse of power or vulnerability, or giving payments or benefits to a person in control of the victim.
(3) Exploitative purpose (why it is done).
The purpose of trafficking is exploitation for profit; individuals can be trafficked into:
- Commercial sex
- Domestic servitude
- Sweatshop factories
- Manual labour and construction
- Agricultural work
- Honoured based cultural practices (FGM and forced marriage)
- Organ harvesting
- Benefit fraud
- Forced criminality (begging and cannabis cultivation)
Where can victims of trafficking be found:
Construction sites, restaurants, schools, brothels, nail salons, agricultural fields, hotels, parks, clothing industry, tea and chocolate producers or even right next door to where you live.
Human Trafficking is both a violation against an individual’s basic human rights and a huge economic crime.
 United Nation Office on Drugs and Crime – Anti-human trafficking manual for criminal justice practitioners
 United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime – Drugs and Crime – Anti-human trafficking manual for criminal justice practitioners