What is Human Trafficking?
Human trafficking is a highly-organized, lucrative illegal trade of human beings for the purpose of exploitation. It is a social injustice that is ‘hidden in plain sight’.
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime define Trafficking in persons as ‘the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation….
Trafficking in persons
Article 3 of the Trafficking Protocol clarifies that trafficking in persons has three constituent elements:
(1) An act (what is done);
Recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons
(2) The means (how it’s done);
Threat or use of force, coercion, fraud, abduction, abuse of power or vulnerability, or giving payments or benefits to a person in control of the victim.
(3) Exploitative purpose (why it is done).
The purpose of trafficking is exploitation for profit; individuals can be trafficked into:
Forced criminal activities such as:
Children used as drug mules (county lines)
Honoured based cultural practices (FGM and forced marriage)
Where can victims of trafficking be found:
Construction sites, restaurants, schools, brothels, nail salons, agricultural fields, hotels, parks, clothing industry, tea and chocolate producers or even right next door to where you live.
If you, your organisation or your business would like to know more, please visit our training page.
Human Trafficking is both a violation against an individual’s basic human rights and a huge economic crime.